Their territory lay in the baronies of Oneilland East and West in Co. Armagh, which both derive their name from the Uí Nialláin rather than the O'Neills. The Síl Colla Uais descend from Colla Uais, one of the Three Collas. The genealogies given for the Fernmag claim they descend from Fergusa, the son of Nadsluaig, who was one of the sons of Cairpre Dam Argait. In Ulster, a Kelly sept, claiming descent from Colla, the 4th century King of Ulster, was based in south Derry. The Uí Briúin descend from Brion, son of Eochaid Mugmedon and Mongfind, and was an elder half brother of Niall of the Nine Hostages. The Airthir kings of the Uí Nialláin sept ruled from Loch gCál (modern-day Loughgall). Thompson (9026) 9. Ireland was one of the first countries to adopt hereditary surnames. Also spelled McCarthy. See The Ulster Plantation. The Hughes surname, both Welsh and Irish in origin, is most numerous in three provinces Connacht, Leinster, and Ulster. Emerald Ancestors provides instant access to one of the largest collections of Northern Ireland genealogy records available, containing birth, marriage, death and census records for over 1.5 million Irish ancestors. Campbell families are very prevalent in Donegal (most are descended from Scottish mercenary soldiers), as well as in Cavan. The Uí Meic Uais descend from Ercc, a son of Colla Uais. Its territory is thought to have been near Clogher, Co. Tyrone. However, the "F" is no longer pronounced and the name is now Loinn or Lynn. The Uí Echach descend from Echach the grandson of Fiachra Cassán. For example, the Irish name Ó Flaithbheartaigh is Anglicised as Flaherty, Flaffery and Flaverty in Connacht, however due to the aspiration of the 'F' in Ulster Irish, it is Anglicised and recorded as Laverty and Lafferty in Ulster thus the F variants have been excluded. White families can be found in Ireland throughout Down, Limerick, Sligo, and Wexford. The kingdom of Bréifne region remained part of the kingdom of Connacht until the time of Queen Elizabeth I when it was shired into the modern counties of Cavan and Leitrim, with Leitrim remaining within Connacht and Cavan becoming part of Ulster. Martin (8341) 10. The MacCarthy surname originated primarily from Cork, Kerry, and Tipperary. See Irish surnames direct via McCurdy marriage CREIGHTON, STEWART, LAUGHLIN, COOKE. She teaches at the Genealogical Institute of Pittsburgh and the Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy. Ulster-Scots / Scotch-Irish (Scots-Irish) Genealogy It is necessary to give separate understanding to the research of Ulster-Scots roots. Originally settled in County Tipperary, the Sullivan family spread into Kerry and Cork, where they are now most numerous and their surname is the most common. This English name is the second most common non-Irish name found in Ireland, especially in Ulster. The Kennedy surname, both Irish and Scottish in origin, hails from Clare, Kilkenny, Tipperary, and Wexford. Their territory was in County Fermanagh. The Byrne surname is still very common in Wicklow, as well as Dublin and Louth. In the province of Ulster, the final e is omitted. Murphys are primarily from Antrim, Armagh, Carlow, Cork, Kerry, Roscommon, Sligo, Tyrone, and Wexford, however. Also occasionally spelled Donne. Sometimes modified to O'Donnelly. The greatest concentration of Doyles is in Leinster, Roscommon, Wexford, and Wicklow. In the 4th century, the Dohertys settled around the Inishowen peninsula in Donegal, where they've primarily stayed. The Fir Luirg, or men of Lurg, are listed as being among the Síl Colla Uais. The O Donnell clans originally settled in Clare and Galway, but today they are most numerous in County Donegal. Ó Dubhthaigh, anglicized to Duffy, comes from an Irish name meaning black or swarthy. In England and Ireland, the same group is called Ulster Scots, since they had descended from the Lowland Scots who had settled in the northern Irish province of Ulster. The Uí Méith Macha were based in the barony of Monaghan, County Monaghan. Top 100 Irish Surnames & Last Names (Family Names Ranked) The Top 20 Irish Surnames and Meanings. Sweeney families are found primarily in Cork, Donegal, and Kerry. By the 1100s, the King of Connaught was “Turlough O’Connor” and his kin were from the “Síol Muireadaigh” tribe. Discover your Irish and Scots-Irish Ancestry with Ulster Historical Foundation. Fleeing religious persecution and economic hardships, the Scotch-Irish … The Fír Lemna (also known as Uí Tuathail and Síl Tuathail) are cited as being one of the "Trí Tuatha of Oirghialla" alongside the Uí Chremthainn and Síl Dubthir. In 1923 the publication dropped coverage of the three counties – Cavan, Donegal and Monaghan – which remained in the Irish Free State (later the Republic of Ireland) and retitled itself as The Belfast and Ulster Directory and provided details about only counties Antrim, Armagh, Down, LondonDerry, Fermanagh and Tyrone.. They can also be found in Limerick. The Cenél Rochada are descended from Rochad, one of Colla Fochríth's sons. From Ceann, the Irish word for head, the name Ó Cuinn means intelligent. The Cianachta Glenn Geimin of Clann Cian, or the Cianachta of Glengiven, ruled a region now known as Dungiven. According to the books of Lecan and Ballymote, the Síl Ciarain Uí Echach were located in Airthir. The Ulster-Scottish population in Ireland was further augmented during the subsequent Irish Confederate Wars, when a Scottish Covenanter army was landed in the province to protect the Ulster-Scottish settlers from native Irish landowners. 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